Depression

Major Depressive Disorder

  • Affects 16 million adults in the U.S.
  • Switches from severely depressed to feeling no symptoms of it
  • Sense of despair
  • Last at least two weeks, can go for months/years
  • Sometimes accompanied by anxiety
  • More at risk for substance abuse
  • May occur once/may return repeatedly
  • Can be triggered by stressors but not related to one specific thing

Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymic Disorder)

  • Adults: At least 2 years
  • Children/Teens: At least 1 year
  • Long term depression
  • Persistent symptoms: changes in appetite, sleep, energy, self-esteem, concentration, and feelings of hopelessness
  • People typically live with it as a part of them
  • Typically starts early on, people think it’s normal
  • Treatment options: Psychotherapy and Medication

Postpartum Depression

  • Typically happens after having a child, may occur during pregnancy
  • Can include both depressive and anxiety symptoms
  • Can make motherhood feel terrible, making it difficult for mothers to complete daily activities to care for themselves and the people around them

Psychotic Depression

  • Depression + Psychosis
  • Delusions or hallucinations may occur
  • Typically a theme or underlying factor: “Guilt, poverty, illness, etc.”

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

  • Winter depression: Social withdrawal
  • More sleep and weight gain
  • Happens every year

Bipolar Depression

  • Bipolar diagnosis
  • Major depression
  • May experience extreme high/euphoric feelings
  • May be extremely irritable at times

For more resources and information on how to get help, please visit the National Institute of Mental Health or the National Alliance on Mental Illness

“(Prod. Eleven Empire Beats)”